Nissan Pulsar Holden Astra workshop service and repair manuals
The Nissan Pulsar is an car which was yielded by the Japanese automaker Nissan from 1978, whenever it debuted because a subcompact vehicle, with 2007, whenever it was changed in every markets by the Nissan Tiida.The Pulsar was initially introduced
Nissan Pulsar N16 2000 2005 Gregorys Service Repair Manual
Nissan Pulsar N16 Gregorys Service and Repair Manual 2000-2005Other Nissan Car Repair Manuals click here NEW paperback Nissan Pulsar N16 2000 - 2005 Gregorys Owners Service Repair Manual Covers N16 series Sedan and Hatch.Models Covered: LX Ti ST ST-L QPetrol Engines Covered: #9679; 1.6 litre (1597cc) DOHC 16v MPI QG16DE 4 cylinder #9679; 1.8 litre (1769cc) DOHC 16v MPI QG18DE 4 cylinderCovers everything you need to know step by step procedures hundreds of photographs and illustrations routine maintenance wiring diagrams repairs and overhauls and what tools to buy. Gregory s manuals are based on an actual vehicle stripdown and are researched and written by automotive engineers with vast experience.Gregory s workshop manuals are produced for the Australian market. These vehicle specifications may vary from those sold in other countri
Nissan Pulsar Astra N12 Series 1982 1987 Gregorys Service Repair Manual
Get other Nissan repair manuals hereNissan Pulsar Astra N12 Series 1982 - 1987 Gregorys Owners Service Repair Manual Covers: Pulsar Models: N12 Series - E GL GX DX GLX 1982 - 1987 Astra Models: LB LC Series - SLX SLE 1984 - 1987Engine capacity: 1.3 litre 1.5 litre 1.6 litre (4 cyl)Covers everything you need to know step by step procedures hundreds of photographs and illustrations routine maintenance wiring diagrams repairs and overhauls and what tools to buy. Gregorys manuals are based on an actual vehicle stripdown and are researched and written by automotive engineers with vast experience.Gregorys workshop manuals are produced for the Australian market. These vehicle specifications may vary from those sold in other countries. Please be aware of the
Nissan Pulsar N12 Holden Astra LB LC 1982 1987
Get other Holden repair manuals hereNissan Pulsar N12 Holden Astra LB LC 1982 - 1987 Haynes Owners Service Repair Manual: Australian models only.Inside this manual you will find: Routine Maintenance tune-up procedures engine repair cooling and heating air-conditioning fuel and exhaust emissions control ignition brakes suspension and steering electrical systems and wiring diagrams.Haynes repair manuals can save you money on maintenance and repair bills. Step-by-step procedures and illustrations guide you through every job from basic maintenance and troubleshooting to complete teardown rebuild.Information on Repair and Service ManualsNote that repair manuals are normally produced for models sold in a particular country.Differences in specification can exist between models sold in different countries and items such as installed engines can differ.Please check that the manual will cover your model before purchase and if you need more detail please contact us here..
Nissan Pulsar N16 2000 2005 Haynes Service Repair Manual
Nissan Pulsar N16 Haynes Service and Repair Manual 2000-2005Other Nissan Pulsar Car Repair Manuals click here NEW paperback Nissan Pulsar N16 2000 - 2005 Haynes Owners Service Repair Manual covering sedan and hatch versions of the popular N16 generation Nissan Pulsar with the following engines: Petrol Engines Covered: -1.6 litre (1597cc) DOHC 16v MPI QG16DE 4 cylinder - 1.8 litre (1769cc) DOHC 16v MPI QG18DE 4 cylinder Contents: - Introduction - Roadside Repairs - Weekly Checks - Routine Maintenance Servicing - Engine Associated Systems - Cooling Heating Ventilation Systems - Fuel Exhaust Systems - Emissions Control Systems - Starting Charging Systems - Ignition System - Clutch - Manual Transmission - Automatic Transmission - Driveshafts - Brakes - Suspension Steering - Bodywork Fittings - Body Electrical Systems - Wiring Diagrams NOTE:
Nissan Pulsar N14 1991 1995 Haynes Service Repair Manual
Other Nissan Pulsar Repair Manuals click here NEW paperback Nissan Pulsar N14 1991 - 1995 Haynes Owners Service Repair Manual Covers Models: Nissan Pulsar N14 Series 1991 through to 1995 with 1.6 Litre and 2.0 Litre engines including EFI.Engines Covered: 1.6 Litre (1597cc) GA16DE DOHC 4 cylinder 2.0 Litre (1998cc) SR20DE DOHC 4 cylinderTransmissions described: RS5F31A 5-speed manual (1.6-litre models) RS5F32A 5-speed manual (2.0-litre models) RL4F03A 4-speed automaticContents: Introductory PagesAbout this Manual; Introduction to the Nissan Pulsar N14; Safety First ;Jump Starting; Dimensions and Weights; Buying Spare Parts Vehicle Identification Numbers;Radio Cassette Unit Anti-Theft System - Precaution; Maintenance Techniques Tools and Working Facilities; Automotive Chemicals and Lubricants; Troubleshooting Routine Maintenance Servicing / Conversion Factors 1.8 litre Engine In-Car Repair Procedure 2.0 litre Engine In-Car Repair Procedure Engine Removal and General Overhaul Procedures Cooling Heating Ventilation Systems Fuel Exhaust Systems Emission Control Systems Engine Electrical System Clutch Manual Transmission Automatic Transmission Driveshafts Braking System Suspension St
Nissan Pulsar Vector N13 Holden Astra LD 1987 1991
Nissan Pulsar / Vector N13 Holden Astra LD 1987 - 1991 Gregorys Owners Service and Repair ManualOther Nissan Car Repair Manuals click here NEW paperback Nissan Pulsar/Vector N13 Holden Astra LD 1987 - 1991 1987 - 1991 Gregorys Owners Service Repair Manual covers models: #9679; Pulsar and Vector N13 Series - GL GX Q GXE SSS and Ti 1987 - 1991 #9679; Astra LD Series - SL SLX and SLE 1987 - 19894 Cylinder Engines covered: #9679; 1.6 Litre #9679; 1.8 LitreContents: #9679; Introduction #9679; Vehicle Identification General Specifications #9679; General Information #9679; Lubrication maintenance #9679; Wheels Tyres #9679; Engine Tune-Up #9679; Roadside Trouble Shooting #9679; Engine #9679; Cooling Heating Systems #9679; Fuel and Engine Management #9679; Emission Control #9679; Clutch #9679; Manual Transaxle Drive Shafts #9679; Automatic Transaxle #9679; Steering #9679; Power Steerin
Nissan Pulsar N13 Holden Astra LD 1987 1991 Haynes Service Repair Manual
Get other Holden repair manuals hereNissan Pulsar N13 Holden Astra LD 1987 - 1991 Haynes Owners Service Repair Manual covers Australian models only.Inside this manual you will find: Routine Maintenance tune-up procedures engine repair cooling and heating air-conditioning fuel and exhaust emissions control ignition brakes suspension and steering electrical systems and wiring diagrams.Haynes repair manuals can save you money on maintenance and repair bills. Step-by-step procedures and illustrations guide you through every job from basic maintenance and troubleshooting to complete teardown rebuild.Information on Repair and Service ManualsNote that repair manuals are normally produced for models sold in a particular country.Differences in specification can exist between models sold in different countries and items such as installed engines can differ.Please check that the manual will cover your model before purchase and if you need more detail please contact us here..
Nissan Pulsar N15 1995 2000 Gregorys Service Repair Manual
Nissan Pulsar N15 Gregorys Service and Repair Manual 1995-2000Other Nissan Car Repair Manuals click here NEW paperback Nissan Pulsar N15 1995 - 2000 Gregorys Owners Service Repair Manual covers Models Sedan Hatch.Petrol Engines Covered: #9679; 1.4 litre GA14DE 4 Cylinder DOHC 16v MPFI (ECCS) #9679; 1.6 litre GA16DE 4 Cylinder DOHC 16v MPFI (ECCS)Does NOT Cover 2.0 litre SSS Models or Diesel Engines.Covers everything you need to know step by step procedures Hundreds of photographs and illustrations routine maintenance wiring diagrams repairs and overhauls and what tools to buy. Gregory s manuals are based on an actual vehicle stripdown and are researched and written by automotive engineers with vast experience.Gregory s workshop manuals are produced for the Australian market. These vehicle specifications may vary from those sold in other countries. Please be aware of these possible differences prior to using the data contained within.
The Pulsar was initially introduced inside 1978 plus became a subcompact vehicle because was the Nissan Cherry it changed. The N10 series Pulsar was exported with Australia, South Africa plus Malaysia with all the Datsun Pulsar name. This model was recognised as the "Datsun Cherry" or "Datsun 100A/120A/130A/140A/150A" inside Europe plus Asia as well as the Datsun 310 inside the U.S.. In Canada, the Datsun 310 was accessible with "Pulsar" striping found on the back quarters. The Nissan Langley, from 1980, became a more upmarket Pulsar. The Pulsar became a companion platform with the Nissan Sunny, being an alternative with the Sunny rival Toyota Corolla plus Toyota Sprinter. Both the Sunny as well as the Pulsar were available at different Nissan Japan dealerships, called Nissan Satio for the Sunny, plus Nissan Cherry for the Pulsar.
The Pulsar was accessible because a three- or five-door hatchback, four-door sedan, a two- or four-door van or station wagon, a two-door fastback with a wraparound back window, along with a short-lived four-door fastback.
A mid-term facelift brought the unique E-series motors inside for 1981 plus 1982. In Malaysia, Malay 1970's artist, Mazuin Hamzah was an ambassador for the Datsun Pulsar E-Type 1300 N10 which was advertised inside Malaysia throughout 1982.
The up-to-date 1982 model with E-series engine was assembled inside New Zealand. Just 1 well-equipped model existed, with a five-speed guide gearbox.
The Nissan Pulsar N-range skipped N11 because which code was utilized with a mini digger-excavator because 1970's. So, the 2nd generation Pulsar became the N12 rather.
A more angular variation was announced inside April 1982, generating its European first inside October. This model was equally integrated Italy by Alfa Romeo because the Arna, utilizing Alfa Romeo machines. Confusingly, the Italian models were equally available with Nissan badges, inside Japan because the Nissan Pulsar Milano plus inside Europe because the Nissan Cherry Europe. At Alfa Romeo, the Arna was meant with substitute lower versions of the favored Alfasud, yet not had the Italian car's appeal. The Cherry Europe furthermore failed inside its "home" marketlacking the build standard plus security of its Japanese built twin vehicle, yet simultaneously managing with inherit the typical 1980s Alfa vulnerability with body deterioration.
By this time, Nissan had almost standardised its naming plan internationally, thus because a Nissan it tended, excepting European markets, with be recognised as a Pulsar. In Europe it retained the "Cherry" moniker, plus inside Malaysia plus South Africa it was available because the Nissan Langley.
Other names utilized included 2 connected models inside the Japanese house marketplace. The Nissan Langley had been a Pulsar with somewhat high equipment degrees plus 4 headlights. The Nissan Liberta Villa was another somewhat more upscale adaptation, intended for sale from the separate dealer web. The Nissan Pulsar EXA had been a two-door coupé adaptation with pop-up headlights. The European marketplace Cherrys were accessible with machines ranging from a 1 liter, 50 PS petrol device with the 114 PS turbocharged 1.5 and included the diesel CD17. The Pulsar/Cherry underwent a light facelift inside July 1984.
The Pulsar EXA was recognized inside North America because the Pulsar NX plus shared several of its components with all the Nissan Sentra. This variation of the Pulsar NX was accessible from 1983 with 1986 plus came with either the gas injected turbocharged E15ET engine or the carburetted naturally aspirated E16S engine. The three-door plus five-door hatchback versions of the Pulsar were moreover created accessible, changing the aged Datsun 310 hatchbacks, even so they proven with be unpopular plus they were withdrawn from Nissan's North American lineup following just 1 year. The Langley was integrated Australia because the Nissan Pulsar, when the more standard Pulsar appeared there because the Holden Astra. The five-door hatchback stayed inside Australia till 1987, where it was recognised as the Pulsar ET Turbo plus showcased the E15ET engine.
Pulsar EXA Convertible this limited edition model was tailored with commemorate the 15th anniversary of the Nissan Cherry dealership chain. It was introduced inside May 1985, plus only 100 cars were created accessible for the entire of Japan. The car sports many specialized accessories, including a soft top made of a unique insulating information with keep out the rainfall plus heat, along with a back window made of natural glass with guarantee excellent exposure.
In 1986, Nissan's shape chief refused to adhere to the smoother, aerodynamic look of different vehicles, plus told his shape team with come up with an affordable, subcompact automobile. A squarer Pulsar was introduced because a result; innovations included a four-wheel drive model. The PulsarAstra relationship continued inside Australia, with all the Langley available because the Pulsar there as well as the four-door sedan variation of the Nissan called the Pulsar Vector. The Langley moreover continued sales inside Japan because a "Japanese-spec" Pulsar with a more effective DOHC 1.8 L engine because opposed with its Holden sourced SOHC counterpart inside Australia. The N13 Langley showcased alternative choices like a limited-slip differential, luxurious interior as well as the much sought-after black headlights, centre grille plus round Skyline-style taillights. Driver side airbags were produced a standard feature inside the 1987 Nissan Pulsar NX, nevertheless passenger airbags were produced an alternative inside 1994. In nations like New Zealand, the Sunny plus Pulsar were combined into a single model, the Nissan Sentra that differed within the models available below the same name inside the United States.
Versions inside the UK were:
1.3 L/LS/GS at 5,000 rpm)
1.3 LX at 5,150 rpm)
1.4 LS/GS at 5,000 rpm)
1.6 LX at 4,800 rpm)
1.6 SLX at 5,300 rpm)
1.6 GSX at 5,800 rpm)
1.8 ZX at 5,000 rpm)
four-cylinder motors available inside the Australian built adaptation were:
1.6 L GM Family II 16LF, 1,598 cc, single point TBI, SOHC, 56 kW at 5,600 rpm, 125 N·m at 3,600 rpm
1.8 L GM Family II 18LE, 1,796 cc, multi point EFI, SOHC, 79 kW at 5,600 rpm, 151 N·m at 3,600 rpm
1.8 L GM Family II 18LE, 1,796 cc, multi point EFI, SOHC, 84 kW at 5,600 rpm, 162 N·m at 3,600 rpm
1986 Nissan Liberta Villa hatchback, Japan
Saloon models were badged because Pulsar; this was the basis for the badge-engineered Holden Astra. After Holden ended their cooperation with Nissan inside 1989, sales of the Holden Astra came with an end. Nissan Australia, nevertheless, kept utilizing the GM motors till the succeeding N14 variation was introduced.
Nissan EXA coupé, Australia
Nissan EXA coupé, Australia
In Europe, the N13 Pulsar was normally available because the Nissan Sunny, unrelated, yet, with the Sunny available inside Asia. In certain markets, the N13 Pulsar retained the Cherry nameplate. In Malaysia, the N13 Pulsar was available because the Nissan Sentra, that introduced inside 1987 with substitute low sales B12 Sentra inside Malaysia, different within the Nissan Sentra available inside the America plus visually synonymous with the European Nissan Sunny. In South Africa it was available because the Nissan Sabre. There were 3 plus five-door hatchbacks along with a four-door sedan.
The was spun off because its own model, with an innovative modular back end: clients may choose a coupé, hatchback or an open-top automobile. In Japan as well as the US, the EXA additionally had the Sportbak wagon way. This variation was really based found on the North American B12 "Sentra" chassis, plus was loaded with the CA16DE engine. This variation of the EXA was obtainable in North America beneath the name Pulsar NX.
The North American Pulsar NX was available inside 2 distinct trim levels: the affordable XE as well as the twin-cam, performance-oriented SE.
In Australia, the Series 1 EXA came with all the CA16DE, plastic back seats, front vented drive with back drum brakes, plus force steering. The Series 2 EXA showcased the CA18DE plus fabric back seats. There were additionally 2 GP versions of the S2 EXA produced. 45 white GP edition cars were especially created for the star race at the Adelade Grand Prix inside 1988. They had all highlights of the Series 2, and had SSS pulsar wheels, build numbers about a badge inside the dash along with a factory roll cage that was removed following the race. The 1989 GP showcased all same highlights of the Series 2 EXA. They furthermore had the Pulsar SSS wheels, a more aggressive front bumper, plus build numbers about a badge inside the dash. All 220 89 GPs produced were red. The Series 3 EXA added back disk brakes, improved seats plus optional force windows. The Nissan EXA Solair had been a deluxe variation of the base model which showcased energy windows, 5 talked alloy wheels, along with a different front bumper. In 1991, Kodak had a competition for five completely optioned Series 3 Nissan EXAs. The Kodak EXAs showcased an exclusive pearlescent yellow paint scheme.
A machine consists of the energy source along with a energy transmission program, that delivers controlled application of the energy. Merriam-Webster defines transmission because an assembly of components including the speed-changing gears as well as the propeller shaft by that the energy is sent from an engine with a live axle. Frequently transmission pertains merely with the gearbox which utilizes gears plus gear trains with offer speed plus torque conversions from a rotating force source with another device.
In British English, the expression transmission pertains with the entire drive train, including clutch, gearbox, prop shaft, differential, plus final drive shafts. In American English, yet, the gearbox is any device which converts speed plus torque, while a transmission is a kind of gearbox which is shifted with dynamically change the speed-torque ratio including inside a car.
The most commonly known utilize is within engine cars, where the transmission adapts the output of the internal combustion engine with the drive wheels. Such motors should work at a reasonably excellent rotational speed, that is wrong for beginning, stopping, plus slower travel. The transmission reduces the high engine speed with the slower wheel speed, improving torque inside the task. Transmissions are additionally utilized about pedal bicycles, fixed machines, plus anywhere rotational speed plus torque need to be modified.
Frequently, a transmission has numerous gear ratios, with all the ability with change between them because speed varies. This switching can be completed manually, or automatically. Directional control might moreover be offered. Single-ratio transmissions equally exist, that just change the speed plus torque of engine output.
In engine cars, the transmission mostly is associated with the engine crankshaft through a flywheel and/or clutch and/or fluid coupling. The output of the transmission is sent through driveshaft with 1 or even more differentials, which, drive the wheels. While a differential could furthermore offer gear reduction, its main cause is with allow the wheels at either end of a axle with turn at different speeds because it changes the way of rotation.
Conventional gear/belt transmissions are not truly the only device for speed/torque adaptation. Alternative mechanisms include torque converters plus force transformation. Hybrid designs additionally exist.
Manual transmissions come inside 2 simple types:
A easy however durable sliding-mesh or unsynchronized/non-synchronous program, where straight-cut spur gear sets angle freely, plus should be synchronized by the operator matching engine revs with road speed, with avoid noisy plus damaging clashing of the gears
The today normal constant-mesh gearboxes, that could include non-synchronised, or synchronized/synchromesh systems, where usually diagonal cut helical gear sets are regularly "meshed" together, along with a dog clutch is chosen for changing gears. On synchromesh boxes, friction cones or "synchro-rings" are utilized inside addition with the dog clutch with carefully match the rotational speeds of the 2 sides of the transmission before generating a full mechanical engagement.
The previous kind was standard inside several classic vehicles before the development of constant-mesh manuals plus hydraulic-epicyclic automatics, elder heavy-duty pickups, plus may nevertheless be found used inside several agricultural equipment. The latter is the contemporary standard for on- plus off-road transport guide plus semi-automatic transmission, though it can be found inside numerous forms; e.g., non-synchronised straight-cut inside racetrack or super-heavy-duty applications, non-synchro helical inside most thick pickups plus motorcycles plus inside certain classic vehicles, plus partly or completely synchronised helical inside most contemporary manual-shift passenger vehicles plus light pickups.
Manual transmissions are the most commonly known kind outside North America plus Australia. These are generally cheaper, lighter, normally provide greater performance, plus fuel efficiency. It is customary for brand-new motorists with discover, plus be tested, about a automobile with a guide gear change. In Malaysia plus Denmark all vehicles selected for testing have a manual transmission. In Japan, the Philippines, Germany, Poland, Italy, Israel, the Netherlands, Belgium, New Zealand, Austria, Bulgaria, the UK, Ireland, Sweden, Norway, Estonia, France, Spain, Switzerland, the Australian states of Victoria, Western Australia plus Queensland, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania as well as the Czech Republic, a test pass utilizing an automatic automobile refuses to entitle the driver with employ a manual automobile found on the public road; a test with a manual auto is necessary. Manual transmissions are more prevalent than automatic transmissions inside Asia, Africa, South America plus Europe.
Manual transmissions may include both synchronized plus unsynchronized gearing. As an example, reverse gear is normally unsynchronised, because the drive is just expected with engage it whenever the car is at a standstill. Many older cars furthermore lacked syncro about initial gear, meaning it additionally may just be employed for moving away from a stop except the driver became adept at double-declutching plus had a specific should frequently downshift into the lowest gear.
Many manual transmissions have a very low ratio for initial gear, called a creeper gear or granny gear. Such gears are not synchronized. This feature is usual about pickup pickups designed with trailer-towing, farming, or construction-site function. During regular on-road utilize, the truck is generally driven without utilizing the creeper gear at all, plus next gear is utilized from a standing begin. Many off-road cars, many very the Willys Jeep as well as its descendents, furthermore had transmissions with "granny first"s either because standard or an alternative, however, this function is today more usually offered for with a low-range transfer gearbox connected with a general totally synchronised transmission.
In 1995, the N15 Pulsar was introduced plus available inside Europe because the Nissan Almera. The New Zealand Nissan Sentra changed name with Pulsar following the Nissan assembly plant inside Wiri, Auckland shut down inside 1998, inside favour of imports from Japan. Again, 4 plus five-door models were available, with 3 door models being obtainable in Europe just, plus not Australia plus New Zealand.
The Australasian versions included the LX, SLX, Q plus SSS variants. New Zealand certain versions included the S plus SE variant. The SSS model showcased the SR20DE engine featuring 105 kW/179 Nm. The station wagon continued with be within the Sunny, later spun off inside Japan into the Nissan Wingroad.
In 2000, Nissan introduced the N16 Pulsar, that included a compact MPV adaptation for the very first time. The Wingroad has been available because the Pulsar Wagon or Almera Traveller inside countless nations. To keep the Bluebird nameplate alive, Nissan changed it with the four-door variation of the Pulsar, plus called it the Nissan Bluebird Sylphy for the Japanese Domestic Market.
In the Philippines, Taiwan, Malaysia, plus Indonesia, the Bluebird Sylphy is available because the Nissan Sentra. In New Zealand plus Thailand, the five-door Pulsar is imported within the UK, when the four-door model is basically a rebadged Bluebird Sylphy. Consequently, every body design has a different front end. In Thailand, Singapore, Sri Lanka plus China, the N16 Bluebird Sylphy is available because the Nissan Sunny.
In Indonesia, the Bluebird Sylphy or Pulsar is recognised as Sentra 1.8 Super Saloon. This model is for private employ plus available just inside the tiny numbers between 2002 plus 210.. It has standard ABS, double SRS airbag, leather interior, plus CD player with MP3. The facelifted model N16 is Sunny Neo 1.6, plus intended for taxi employ just.
For 2004, the N16 Bluebird Sylphy plus Pulsar got facelift with revised grille, along with a complete fresh back end with "Teana-like" taillights. The N16 Sunny plus Sentra were equally received totally hot front end.
After the Japanese creation of Bluebird Sylphy G10 plus Pulsar N16 were discontinued, the Sentra N16 remains produced plus available inside the Philippines plus Malaysia. The models for Malaysia are SG plus SG-L, with all the choice of Comfort or Luxury Package. The Sunny is continued with be available inside Singapore. Trim degrees are EX Saloon, Super Saloon, plus Luxury Edition.
In Australia plus New Zealand, Nissan continued with employ the "Pulsar" name for the N16. Four-door sedan plus five-door hatchback versions were available.
Trim degrees were LX, ST, Q plus Ti. Engine options consisted of the 1.6-litre or perhaps a 1.8-litre four-cylinder with 16 valves. Power output was 88 kW plus 94 kW. The four-door was obtainable in 4 trim degrees - an LX with all the 1.6, the ST plus Ti with all the 1.8-litre engine because standard, along with a Q adaptation with all the 1.8 engine along with a sportier amount of trim, including a back spoiler plus alloy wheels.
In the five-door range there was clearly no LX adaptation, this being four-door just. Nissan introduced the hatchback model with all the ST trim level along with a stylish Q variation. As these, all hatches were 1.8-litre driven. The base-model LX sedan came with a driver's airbag, air-conditioning, remote locking plus force mirrors, though no anti-lock brakes or energy windows were available. The ST five-door gained an additional front airbag, while the four-door model didn't have 1 because standard.
In Ti shape, the four-door gained both front airbags, ABS, climate-control air-conditioning, alloy wheels plus energy windows. The Q model was synonymous with the Ti four-door, though there were slight discrepancies involving the sedan plus hatch, with all the latter variation having an additional air-bag plus 15-inch alloy wheels versus the 14-inch alloys found on the sedan.