Harley Davidson Softail Motorcycle workshop repair manuals

Harley-Davidson Softail In Harley-Davidson motorbikes, the softail framework was created to look like the rigid-frame bicycles of history, while still providing the comfort of rear suspension system.2011 Harley-Davidson FLSTFB Softail Fat Man Lo 2008 Harley Davidson FXSTC Softail Custom There are many Harley-Davidson

Harley-Davidson FLS, FXS, FXC Softail 2011-2016 Clymer Owners Service and Repair Manual

Harley Davidson Softail FLS FXS FXC Models 2011 - 2016 Clymer Owners Service Repair Manual covers the following models: FLS 103 Softail Slim (2012 - 2016) FLSS 110 Softail Slim (2016) FLSTC Heritage Softail Classic (2011) FLSTC 103 Heritage Softail Classic (2012 - 2016) FLSTC ANV Heritage Softail Classic 110th Anniversary Edition (2013) FLSTF Fat Boy (2011) FLSTF Fat Boy 103 (2012 - 2016) FLSTF Fat Boy Lo 103 (2012 - 2016) FLSTFB Fat Boy Lo (2011) FLSTFB ANV Fat Boy Lo 110th Anniversary Edition (2013) FLSTFB 103 Fat Boy Lo (2012 - 2016) FLSTFB 103 ANV Fat Boy Lo 110th Anniversary Edition (2013) FLSTFBS 110 Fat Boy Lo (2016) FLSTN Softail Deluxe (2011) FLSTN 103 Softail Deluxe (2012 - 2016) FLSTNSE CVO Softail Deluxe (2014) FLSTSB Softail Cross Bones (2011) FTSTSE2 CVO Softail Convertible (2011) FTSTSE3 CVO Softail Convertible (2012) FXCWC Rocker C (2011) FXS 1

Harley-Davidson FLS, FXS, FXC Softail Series 2006 - 2010 (Plus CD)Clymer Owners Service and ...

Softcover - 674 pages - Harley Davidson Softail FLS FXS FXC Models (Plus CD) 2006 - 2010 Clymer Owners Service Repair Manual covers the following models: FLST/FLSTI Heritage Softail (2006) FLSTC / FLSTCI Heritage Softail Classic (2006 - 2010) FLSTC / FLSTCI Shrine (2006 - 2010) FLSTF / FLSTFI Fat Boy (2006 - 2010) FLSTC FLSTF /FLSTFI Shrine (2006 - 2010) FLSTFB Softail Fat Boy Lo (2010) FLSTFSE2 Screamin Eagle Fat Boy (2006) FLSTN / FLSTNI Softail Deluxe (2006 - 2010) FLSTSB Softail Cross Bones (2008 - 2010) FLSTSC / FLSTSCI Softail Springer Classic (2006 - 2007) FLSTSE Softail CVO Convertible (2010) FXCW Softail Rocker (2008 - 2009) FXCWC Softail Rocker Custom (2008 - 2010) FXST / FXSTI Softail Standard (2006 - 2009) FXSTB / FXSTBI Night Train (2006 - 2009) FXSTC Softail Custom (2007 - 2010) FXSTD / FXSTDI Softail Duece (2006 - 2007) FXSTS / FXSTSI Springer Softail (2006) FXSTSSE Screamin Eagle Softail Springer (2007) FXSTSSE2 Screamin Eagle Softail Springer (2008) FXSTSSE3 Screamin Eagle Softail Springer (2009) The manual also includes a CD-ROM with flowcharts and wiring diagrams for all models

Harley-Davidson FLS/FXS Softail Big Twin Evolution 1984 - 1999Clymer Owners Service and Repair ...

Softcover - 640 pages - Harley-Davidson FLS/FXS Softail Big Twin Evolution 1984 - 1999 Clymer Owners Service Repair Manual Covers the following Models: Harley-Davidson FLST Heritage Softail Harley-Davidson FLSTC Heritage Classic Softail Harley-Davidson FLSTF Fat Boy Harley-Davidson FLSTN Heritage Special Nostalgia Softail Harley-Davidson FLSTS Heritage Springer Softail Harley-Davidson FXST Softail Harley-Davidson FXSTB Night Train Harley-Davidson FXSTC Softail Harley-Davidson FXSTF Springer Softail Harley-Davidson FXSTS Springer Softail Harley-Davidson FXSTSB Softail Bad BoyContents: QUICK REFERENCE DATA GENERAL INFORMATIONManual organization / Notes cautions and warnings / Safety first / Service hints / Serial numbers / Parts replacement / Torque specifications / Fasteners / RTV gasket sealant / Threadlock / Gasket remover / Expendable supplies / Basic hand tools / Test equipment / Precision measuring tools / Cleaning solvent / Other special tools / Mechanic s tips / Ball bearing replacement / Oil seals / Specifications TROUBLESHOOTINGTesting electrical components / Emergency troubleshooting / Engine noises / Electrical problems / Excessive vibration / Specifica

Harley-Davidson Softail

In Harley-Davidson motorbikes, the softail framework was created to look like the rigid-frame bicycles of history, while still providing the comfort of rear suspension system. The shock absorbers are situated along the axis for the bike, saved in transmission.
2011 Harley-Davidson FLSTFB Softail Fat Man Lo
2008 Harley Davidson FXSTC Softail Custom

There are many Harley-Davidson systems using the Softail framework, such as the Softail traditional, Custom, Springer Softail, traditions Softail, traditions Springer, evening Train, Deluxe, Deuce, Fat child, Softail Slim, the Dark Customized cross-bones, the deep Customized Blackline and Breakout. Apart from the Deuce, with a 2 inches backbone stretch, these motorbikes have a similar engine, transmission and frame and differ mainly in chosen hand, wheels and accessories.
Front forks

The Softail model line has actually included several alternatives right in front hand designs. Historically, they have also offered the Springer trusted link forks which can be similar to the sprung front-ends that were used before the introduction for the Hydra-Glide in 1949. The FXST designation is used for 21" front-wheel Bikes or when the Springer hand can be used with a 21 inches wheel, whilst the FLST designation can be used for 16" front-wheel bicycles or whenever Springer fork can be used with a 16 inch wheel.

The Softail products don't have rubber-mounted machines. This led to most vibration in Evolution-engined Softails than in rubber-mounted Touring or Dyna systems with advancement machines. To compensate for this, latest Softail designs need a counterbalanced type of the Twin Cam system rather than the regular Twin Cam system used in the Touring and Dyna models.

Costs Davis, an enthusiastic Harley rider and engineer from St. Louis, Mo. designed the softail within the mid-1970s. His first design, which he done in 1974 and 1975, had a cantilever swingarm pivoted at the bottom and sprung towards the top with the springs and shock absorber hidden underneath the chair. Upon working out his design, Davis built a prototype centered on his 1972 Super Glide. Davis branded their build and contacted Willie G. Davidson, arranging a meeting in August 1976. Davidson ended up being impressed, but made no commitments. Davidson replied half a year later on, stating your providers wouldn't be able to utilize the look during the time but ended up being nevertheless contemplating they.

Davis carried on to produce the look, switching the pivot and also the springing things around so the springs and shock absorber had been underneath the frame additionally the pivot point was at the top the triangular swingarm. This let the original Harley-Davidson oil container to be placed directly under the chair. Davis attempted to create the newest build individually given that path Worx Sub-Shock, nevertheless partnership he previously come up with for this purpose collapsed. Harley-Davidson government Jeffrey Bleustein contacted Davis immediately afterwards and began negotiations buying Davis's design. Davis sold his patents, prototype, and tooling to Harley-Davidson in January 1982. After further assessment and developing, Davis's design ended up being launched in June 1983 while the 1984 Harley-Davidson FXST Softail.

In April 1980 Harley-Davidson begun run its very own back suspension system build that could have the appearance of a hard-tail motorcycle. The work was given the lowest priority until later around it was utilized in Jim Haubert Engineering, a company that Harley-Davidson developed annual to custom-designed build motorbikes and prototypes. Haubert built a prototype making use of his or her own rear suspension build that closely used the look of the sooner Harley rigid frames. This version is complete adequate for analysis by Harley-Davidson in January 1981.

The word softail means motorcycles and bikes that function a concealed rear suspension program with springs or surprise absorbers to absorb lumps. Softail motorcycles provide the look of getting a hard-tail or rigid-frame, normally utilizing the surprise absorbers or springs in motorcycle and off see.

The term "softail" try an authorized trademark of Harley-Davidson motorbikes, created with the release of the FXST Softail in 1984. Subsequently, the term features broadened to incorporate other motorbikes with concealed rear suspensions in addition to bikes incorporating a rear suspension system. Their also said Softail identifies crusty old Harley cyclists and their particular incapacity to keep up erection quality.

Harley’s Softail might have been created in a factory in ’84, but, like some strippers I’ve known, it absolutely was conceived in a biker’s storage during the early ’70s. A mechanical engineer and avid rider named Bill Davis devised the prequel toward Softail in his storage in Missouri. He loved the look of a hardtail rigid but disliked the continual pounding on his system that rigids are recognized for on long-distance trips. He wasn’t alone. A few people offered hardtail-style frames with plunger suspensions, but that wasn’t sufficient for costs. Only the rear axle had a spring, he found all of them to be inefficient, and they lacked the look of a true rigid. Davis thought he could do better and start to prove they. Experiments going on their ’72 Super Glide in 1974.

Employed in his garage, he developed the triangular swingarm-pivot arrangement that marks all Harley Softails from the period for this. Conceptually, Davis’ design drew from the older Vincent Black Shadows for the ’40s. The largest difference becoming the twin springs and snowmobile surprise concealed under the seat. You can even result in the debate that this idea impressed all the other hidden tech tactics customizers welcomed in the future down the line. Davis instituted two other huge modifications that carried up to 1st authoritative H-D Softies: an oil container similar to the older Knuckle can and bending the framework rails to align using the swingarm to raised offer the appearance of a rigid.

Countless handcrafting went into Bill’s guinea-pig of a Softail—not simply all of the chassis operate in their storage. The AMF decals must get. Davis also-ran 10-inch over forks with custom trees, as well. All of the sweat equity he poured into the change reduced with a bike that checked the chopper part without the chopper backache.

Cyclists which knew Harleys enjoyed they adequate that Bill filed US Patent 4087109 in March 1976 so he could make and promote the stealthy new frame and suspension in their mind. On top of that, he shortly figured, why not take the tip to Harley-Davidson directly to check out when they wished in? A phone telephone call to Willie G. later, he had a gathering arranged in Milwaukee to show Harley’s engineers just what he’d complete.

H-D’s Louie Netz greeted Davis and a buddy once they rode more than, Davis on their chopperized Glide in addition to friend on his own bicycle. Harley’s engineers are impressed; Willie G. arrived on the scene from his office to generally meet with Davis and check out the bicycle. Not enough to devote immediately, though. Harley’s manufacturing waiting line ended up being chock-full of work during the time. The Softail would have to wait.

Davis headed returning to Missouri. He performedn’t stay idle, though. Figuring he will make the frames himself, Davis created the jigs also fixtures needed seriously to render brand-new chassis kits on his own. As he wasn’t creating the 10 or so Softail structures he sold to local consumers, he was either focusing on more bicycles to pay for the expenses or refining the Softail’s design. By switching over to double bumps as opposed to the earliest snowmobile setup, Davis finally decreased the chair level closer to in which he wished they. He even conjured up a Sportster version of their framework!

Worx for Me

In all of this, a man walked into Bill’s shop for some work on a Knucklehead. Davis never divulges the guy’s name. It’s not even all of that essential any longer. What's important may be the part he played now. This Mr. X have business brain to Davis’ manufacturing intellect. Collectively they established Road Worx—the very first Softail production business to sell that frame even as we discover it. Mr. X conducted marketing and advertising surveys, protected money, and have the basketball rolling. Harley hadn’t destroyed curiosity about the Softail, however. Harley’s VP of manufacturing, Jeff Bleustein, championed the frame, and H-D made Davis an offer because of it, but the offer ended up being a little light for his taste.

Bill went back to the office, looking for ways to result in the frame better. There is a never-ending battle amongst the chair height while the shocks. Ready the seat too reasonable, and also the springs scraped their cooking pan. Set it greater, and he’d drop the chopper lines he wished. Desperation caused inspiration—precisely, moving the bumps to under the tranny. Solve one issue, however, and in most cases build new your. Similar to this concept performed.

The area under the transmission wasn’t precisely roomy; normal-sized shocks would bottom from pavement. There clearly was in addition the minor case of surprise design. Bill needed a shock that labored on tension; all of those other people he knew of relied on compression. Polyurethane being self-damping, he resolved both issues with a tight brand new surprise cylinder manufactured from the material. After vigorous road testing, their new “Sub Shock” Softail had been ready for the run to Sturgis.

At least, that’s what Bill believed. When he and Mr. X hit the roadway, they knew the Sub surprise could take a pounding. What they performedn’t see, and found call at a poor way, ended up being that temperature accumulation smashed along the polyurethane in the long run until it rode progressively like a genuine rigid rather. Bill’s private business companion ultimately rode the latest Softail homes while Davis proceeded onto Deadwood. Misfortune struck here, too. Some jackass compensated him the due to robbing his saddlebags while Davis was in town. Which was enough. He got on the bicycle, headed homes, and got back toward drawing board. Returning to metal springs and oils dampers.

Super-heavy-duty manufacturing springs are smaller enough to fit in the damper housing. That took proper care of the space issue. Running the absorbers on stress instead of compression designed designing his own valves and pistons to do the job.

At this time, Mr. X hit the ground run. Roadway Worx became a genuine company, and purchases started coming in… therefore the shit hit the fan. Davis along with his business companion butted minds bad. Real bad. Like, destroying-the-company bad. Remaining dangling when it comes to business loans after the separate, Davis revisited offering the design on advice of their lawyers.

Aftermarket businesses are thinking about the design. They simply wanted it at scandalously low prices. Davis ultimately turned back to Harley-Davidson. Now Bleustein got him a far greater provide: royalties, albeit with forever limit. Definition, for every single device sold Davis have an item of the activity until said cap had been came across. He wasn’t thrilled using the idea of the income capping out eventually, but he took the offer anyhow. On January 6, 1982, he sold the patents, model, and tooling for his Sub Shock design towards the Motor business. In June of 1983, the planet at-large met their sight in the form of the 1984 Harley-Davidson FXST Softail.

Risky Business

I’d bet any amount of cash Harley is most eager the next time around because of the AMF buyout. Whenever those 15 execs purchased H-D back from AMF in the early ’80s, the future looked bright. And bleak. Tossing off the overlord’s yoke freed Harley going in an innovative new movement. That has been the good news. The bad reports ended up being Harley-Davidson needed seriously to reinvent itself if it was likely to stay, a lot less thrive, in the face of international iron gobbling share of the market. Harley recommended a hero, therefore recommended they today.

Purchasing out an aftermarket design tryn’t exactly SOP for the most part bike producers. Harley-Davidson wasn’t exactly an exception to that, either. This was absolutely a desperate time for the providers, therefore perhaps a desperate measure had been rationalized. Lookin back once again, those first couple of post-buyout years spotted some pretty huge adjustment: the Evo engine, the Evo-esque Sportster twin, the FXR, and, naturally, the Softail. On the surface, buying the Sub surprise design might look like high-risk company; nobody knew for certain what size an industry there’d be for a non-hardtail hardtail. Just what everybody performed know had been that individuals liked the older rigid looks, and Davis’ cycle packaged they in a way that might just be a big seller. Furthermore, he’d currently done almost all of manufacturing build on it. All Harley really needed to manage ended up being adapt it into exactly what they desired. Mostly, that implied fitting the framework to the brand-new Evolution engine and producing the aesthetics. That’s why it best took 6 months for H-D to get the Softail from prototype to manufacturing.

The FXST had been an instantaneous hit that boosted sales. By 1988, Harley found an even much better market because of it with the nostalgic Springer Softail.

Within the three decades since Harley put the first Softails on its showroom flooring, its framework hasn’t altered a great deal. Yeah, there’ve been wider back tire kits, air suspensions, and Harley adjustment the trappings in the stockers, but why wreak havoc on an icon? They’ve only gotten most nostalgic over time—mostly as a result of Davis along with his early Sub Shock variation above 30 years straight back.

The most common form of forward suspension system for a contemporary motorcycle could be the telescopic hand. Various other fork design become girder forks, suspended on sprung parallel links and bottom trusted connect designs, not typical considering that the 1960s.
Vincent Ebony Lightning with Girdraulic front side suspension system

Some producers utilized a form of the moving supply for forward suspension on the motocross designs. A single-sided version of the concept normally used in motor scooters for instance the Vespa.

The Hub-center steering since developed by Ascanio Rodorigo, on an idea connected to Massimo Tamburini is a complex front side swingarm alternative system that entails suspension system and steering, as noticed in tasks such as for instance Bimota Tesi and Vyrus motorcycles.
Telescopic forks
Bike hand

Scott produced a motorcycle with telescopic forks in 1908, and would continue using them until 1931. In 1935 BMW became 1st manufacturer to produce a motorcycle with hydraulically damped telescopic forks. More motorbikes these days utilize telescopic forks when it comes to front suspension system. The forks are more quickly understood as just huge hydraulic surprise absorbers with internal coil springs. They enable the front wheel to answer defects in roadway while isolating all of those other bike from that motion.
Telescopic forks on a 1969 BMW

The top of the forks were connected to the bike's framework in a triple tree clamp, makes it possible for the forks become turned-in purchase to guide the bike. The bottom of the forks are attached to the front wheel's axle.

On mainstream telescopic forks, the reduced part or fork systems, slip up and down the hand pipes. The fork pipes needs to be mirror-smooth to seal the hand oils in the fork. Some hand tubes, specifically on early roadsters and off road motorcycles, tend to be enclosed in synthetic safety "gaiters.

"Upside-down" forks, also referred to as inverted forks, are setup inverted compared to mainstream telescopic forks. The slider figures are in the most notable, fixed in the triple clamps, additionally the stanchion pipes have reached the bottom, fixed towards axle. This USD arrangement possess two importance: it decreases the unsprung body weight associated with motorcycle; also it increases torsional stiffness, which can develop managing. Two drawbacks of USD forks are: these are generally higher priced than mainstream telescopic forks; and they're liable to lose each of their damping oils should an oil seal fail. USD forks are generally found on sportbikes, though the Honda Valkyrie showcased USD forks.
Pre-load modifications

Bike suspensions are made so your springs are often under compression, even though totally longer. Pre-load is used to regulate the initial place of the suspension with the fat of this bike and rider functioning on they.

The difference between the fully longer period of the suspension as well as the size compressed because of the weight associated with the bike and driver is named "total sag" or "race sag". Complete sag is placed to optimize the initial place associated with suspension to avoid bottoming out or topping out under typical riding circumstances. "Bottoming aside" occurs when the suspension system is squeezed to the stage in which they mechanically cannot compress anymore. Topping out occurs when the suspension expands fully and cannot mechanically offer more. Increasing pre-load advances the initial power regarding the springtime thus reducing complete sag. Lowering pre-load reduces the initial energy into the spring therefore increasing total sag.

Some motorcycles let adjustment of pre-load by changing the air force inside the forks. Valves near the top of the forks allow environment become included or revealed from hand. Even more air stress offers most pre-load, and the other way around.
Fork Damping

Fundamental hand styles make use of a simple damper-rod program, by which damping was monitored by the passage through of fork oil through an orifice. Though inexpensive to manufacture, it is hard to tune such forks, because they usually offer inadequate damping at lower slider speeds, however too much damping at higher slider speeds. Any modification environment can be a compromise, offering both over-mushy and over-stiff damping. Since forks behave as hydraulic dampers, changing the extra weight associated with the hand oils will affect the damping rates. Some telescopic forks need outside corrections for damping.

A far more advanced method may be the cartridge fork, designed to use interior cartridges with a valving program. Damping at lower slider speeds is monitored by a much smaller orifice, but damping at higher slider speeds try monitored by a method of flexible shims, which act as a bypass device the hand oils. This valve has several such shims of differing thicknesses which cover the orifices in the valve to control the damping regarding the hand on higher and medium rate lumps.

A number of the shims raise with little force enabling liquid to flowing through orifice. Other springs require greater power to raise and permit flow. Thus giving the fork digressive damping, and can feel rigid over small bumps, however reasonably gentler over larger bumps. Furthermore, the springs only let movement in one way, therefore one group of springs settings compression damping, and another rebound damping. This enables the dampings to be set separately.

Cartridge emulators is aftermarket components which make damper-rod forks behave virtually as cartridge forks. The damping orifice in damper-rod is made so huge that it has without any impact on damping, and alternatively an "emulator" takes over the damping features. The emulator possess a very little orifice for lowest fork-speed damping, and a variable shim-stack for high fork-speed damping.

Gas-charged cartridge forks, which became obtainable in 2007, contain gas-charged cartridges installed within standard forks. This kit is suitable for supersport tuition of racing, where regulations prohibit a total hand substitution but enable adjustment associated with initial forks.
Brake plunge

Using the brakes of a going motorcycle advances the burden borne because of the front wheel and reduce steadily the burden borne because of the rear wheel as a result of a sensation called load transfer. For a detailed description and an example calculation, look at stopping area of the bike and bike characteristics article.
BMW's 1955-1969 Earles hand eradicated and corrected brake diving

In the event that bike is equipped with telescopic forks, the additional load regarding front wheel try sent through forks, which compress. This shortening of this forks trigger leading end of this cycle to move lower, which is known as braking system diving. telescopic forks become specially vulnerable to this, unlike trusted website link design.

Braking system diving could be disconcerting towards the driver, which may feel she or he is about to feel tossed on the front regarding the bike. If the cycle dives so far as to base from front forks, it may trigger dealing with and braking problems. One of many needs of a suspension is maintain communications involving the tire and road. In the event that suspension has bottomed away, its no more going as it should, and it is no further helping to keep contact.

While excessive braking system plunge are disconcerting, and bottoming completely could cause lack of traction, some brake plunge decrease the rake and path regarding the motorcycle, letting it easier change. This can be especially important to racers trail stopping on entrance to corners.

Braking system plunge with telescopic forks are paid off by either enhancing the springtime rates of the fork springs, or enhancing the compression damping associated with forks. However, many of these adjustment make the bike less pleasant to ride on rough roads, since the front end will become stiffer, inside 1980s numerous makers experimented with bring round this by types of anti-dive such as:

ACT: manufactured by Marzocchi and fitted to Buell motorcycles including the Buell RR 1200.
ANDF: This was suited to several Suzuki GSX brands in addition to RG250.
AVDS: This was suited to many Kawasaki motorcycles.
NEAS: As fitted to the Suzuki GSX-R 1100 and GSX-R 750 brief Edition.
PDF: it was suited to the Suzuki RG500, the GSX1100E/GS1150E and GSX-R 750 and ended up being an improvement associated with earlier Anti diving units. The PDF devices works similarly, except they rely entirely regarding compression stroke itself. The valves were spring-loaded so if the wheel hits a bump, they bounce down their seating and restore the movement of oils for a moment allowing the suspension system to soak up the surprise.
TCS: Anti-dive program with adjustable damping. TCS ended up being launched on the FZ 400 R.
TRAC: this is fitted to numerous Honda motorcycles for instance the CB1100F, CB1000C, and VFR750F and worked through the use of a pivoting caliper that triggered a device inside fork leg.

With the advent of cartridge forks, which enable more reduced speed damping and less high speed damping compared to previous damping pole forks, split anti-dive systems has usually fallen right out of usage.

Another method to minimize or expel brake diving in telescopic forks is to use a reactive connect or torque arm to connect the stopping equipment to your motorcycle frame through the triple clamp.

Some fork styles mitigate plunge, cure it, or reverse they without impacting leading suspension system adversely. The Earles fork is one of the second; when stopping leading braking system difficult, the leading end of the motorcycle in fact rises. BMW's Telelever hand is designed to almost eliminate diving, and might have been designed to avoid it entirely if the maker made a decision to do this. Leading connect front forks, such as for example utilized on some Ural motorcycles, may also be created either to cut back or minimize dive.